CLAT 2014 was conducted on 11th May across the country. Many students heaved a sigh of relief with the paper being on expected lines without any major surprises thrown at them. The overall difficulty level was similar to that of last year.

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Test Pattern

Total Marks 200
Total number of multiple-choice questions of one mark each 200
Duration of examination Two Hours
Subject areas with weightage:
English including Comprehension 40 Marks
General Knowledge/ Current Affairs 50 Marks
Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability) 20 Marks
Legal Aptitude 50 Marks
Logical Reasoning 40 Marks

Let us look at each of the areas in detail

Elementary Mathematics(Numerical Ability)

  • Level : Easy
  • Possible Attempts for an average student : 12
  • No. of recommended attempts : 15+

The questions were broadly from the following topics : Percentages (1), Profit & Loss (1), Partnership (1), SICI ((1), Averages (1), Time & Work (1), Time & Distance (Relative Speed) (1), Time & Distance (Boats and streams) (1), Ratios (2), Simple Equations (2), Mensuration (2), Probability (1), LCM HCF (1)

Logical Reasoning

  • Level : Moderate- Easy
  • Possible Attempts for an average student : 25
  • No. of recommended attempts : 30-35

The questions were from the following topics:

3 sets were on Seating Arrangements with a total of 10 questions. The number of questions in each of these sets varied… 2, 3 and 5 were the questions in each of these 3 sets. Here were Blood relations (5 Qs), Puzzles (10 Qs), Syllogisms (10 Qs), Series (3 Qs) and Analogies (2 Qs)

The notable aspect of the test this year was that questions on critical reasoning were absent.

English including Comprehension

  • Level : Easy- Moderate
  • Possible Attempts for an average student : 20-25
  • No. of recommended attempts : 30+

The questions were from the following topics:

Reading Comprehension (10 Qs), Para Forming Questions (5 Qs), Spellings (5 Qs), Idioms & phrase (5 Qs), Foreign Words (5 Qs), Grammar (10 Qs)

Legal Reasoning

  • Level : Easy
  • Possible Attempts for an average student : 30-35
  • No. of recommended attempts : 40+

Legal Reasoning section did not throw any surprises this year. There were no Legal GK questions. However, the principal-Fact based questions were a bit on the lengthier side and the students had to watch out for time while doing these.

General Knowledge/Current Affairs

  • Level : Moderate
  • Possible Attempts for an average student : 20-25
  • No. of recommended attempts : 30+

The broad break up of the questions was as below

Current Affairs: 20-25 Qs, Polity : 5 Qs, General Science: 3-5 Qs, Geography : 3-4 Qs, History : 2-3 Qs, Economics: 3-4 Qs

Overall Analysis

With the paper being similar to last year’s on difficulty level, the cut-offs are expected to be similar or climb up slightly. The cut-offs for the Top 3 schools is expected to cross 145.

CLAT – 2015 ,The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) was conducted on 10 May, 2015 in 42 cities across India. It was conducted by Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University (RMLNLU), Lucknow this year, marking the debut of the test in the online mode. Admissions to the 16 National Law Universities (NLUs) are processed through the test. About 45,000 applicants had registered for Online CLAT 2015 and more than 42,000 took the test.

The test pattern is given below –

Category Section-I Section-II Section-III Section-IV Section-V
Test Area English including Comprehension General Knowledge & Current Affairs Elementary Mathematics Legal Aptitude Logical Reasoning
No. of Questions 40 50 20 50 40
Marking Scheme 1 1 1 1 1
Negative Marking -0.25 -0.25 -0.25 -0.25 -0.25
Total Duration 120 Min

The test, on the whole, tilted towards the difficult, with a lot of unexpected questions figuring across the sections. The section-wise analysis is as below –

English including Comprehension

Vocabulary had a lion’s share of the question types in the test, with questions on synonyms, analogies, cloze passage, contextual meaning and confusables. There were two Reading Comprehension passages, a long one with 10 questions on it and a shorter one with 3 questions on it. There were two types of grammar questions – error identification and marking the incorrect sentences. Many students felt the section was a bit challenging, especially the vocabulary component of the section. Around 30-32 could be considered a good score in the section.

General Knowledge & Current Affairs

The section was a mixed bag, with an equal distribution between static GK and current affairs. A well-prepared student who follows current affairs would not have found it too challenging. Around 36-38 could be considered a good score in the section.

Elementary Mathematics

There were 6 questions in Numbers which required strong understanding of the concepts of L.C.M, remainder theorem, last digits, etc. Two problems in simplifications were based on indices. Probability and P&C problems were of moderate difficulty level.Three problems in simple equation were easy. There was one problem from Time and Distance which was difficult. There were 5 questions from Data Interpretation, which were perceived to be simple. Around 12-14 could be considered a good score.

Legal Aptitude

This section threw a major surprise as Legal GK made a re-appearance after several years. There were around 15 Principle-Facts questions, 10 Assertion-Reasoning questions, and the rest based on legal GK. This section would therefore have turned out to be a scoring area and a key differentiator to those who prepared well on the legal GK terminology and current legal affairs in the country. Around 36-38 could be considered a good score.

Logical Reasoning

This was the trickiest part of the paper with new and interesting question types. There were 3 Fact, Inference and Judgement questions, 3 questions from Data Sufficiency and 5 syllogism questions. There was one question on direction sense, three on blood relations, one on linear arrangement and one on calendars. Eight questions were from coding and decoding. These were the easier questions.

There were two sets of puzzles, both time-consuming and difficult. The first puzzle was about a leaked answer key and eight students who were suspected to have the key. The second puzzle was regarding four friends who interchange their belongings among each other. Not many students would have had the luxury of time to have been able to solve these sets. Around 26-28 could be considered a good score in the section.

Overall Analysis

While NLSUI Bangalore and NALSAR Hyderabad had general category cut-offs of 157 and 152 last year, these may fall by 15 to 20 marks this year, given the higher difficulty-level of this year’s test. An overall score of 135+ is expected to be the cutoffs for the top 5 NLUs.

CLAT – 2016 , was gentle breeze providing a lot of respite to the students who were expecting surprises of many kinds, especially on the back of the last two CLATs which had some unexpected components. The most popular law entrance test of the country, which this year breached the 45000 mark with 45040 applicants, kept the aspirants on their toes. However, with the paper largely sticking to the known CLAT flavour and springing no surprises, the cut-offs are likely to be higher than that of CLAT’15.

Here’s an in-depth analysis of the paper.

Pattern

  • Maximum Marks : 200
  • Total Number of Questions : 200
  • Duration of the test : 120 minutes
Section No. Subjects Marks
1 English including Comprehension 40 Marks
2 General Knowledge and Current Affairs 50 Marks
3 (Numerical Ability) 20 Marks
4 Legal Aptitude 50 Marks
5 Logical Reasoning 40 Marks

Negative marking of 0.25 marks for every wrong answer

Let us look at the analysis section-wise.

    1. English : Number of questions: 40
  1. Reading Comprehension – There was the usual single passage comprising 10 questions in RC. The passage was related to Alfred Nobel and Albert Einstein, their contribution to Nuclear Power, and Peace Making. 6-7 questions were direct and were sitters. The difficulty level of most of the questions was EASY.
  2. Vocabulary- There were 5-6 questions on synonyms. Around 4-5 questions were based on Foreign Words and Legal Maxims. The difficulty level was MODERATE.
  3. Fill in the Blanks- There were 10 questions which were based on ‘Parts of Speech’. The difficulty level was EASY.
  4. Logical Conclusion- Around 2-3 questions testing the Decision-Making Ability of the aspirants. The questions had 4-5 sentences and required the aspirants to pick the Logical Conclusion of the given sentences. The difficulty level was EASY.

OVERALL DIFFICULTY LEVEL OF THE SECTION: EASY

    1. Legal Aptitude : Number of questions: 50
      1. Around 35 questions were based on Legal Principles. The questions on Law of Torts were based on the Principles of Vicarious Liability, Defamation, Trespass and Assault. In Law of Crimes, there were questions on very familiar principles of Theft, Murder and Abetment. The questions in the Law of Contracts section were based on Wagering Contract, Fraud, Offer, and Agreement. The difficulty level of the questions was EASY.
      2. There were around 10-12 questions on Legal GK. The questions were majorly based on Constitutional Law. The difficulty level of the questions was EASY. Some of the questions are:

    * What did the 100th Amendment to the Indian Constitution relate to?

    1. * Which article of the India Constitution provides for Right to Peaceful Environment?
    * Which writ of the Indian Constitution means “By What Authority”?

  1. There were 4-5 questions on Legal Maxims and Foreign Words. Most of the questions were familiar and EASY. Some of the words & phrases were- Ab initio, Faux Pas, Audi Alteram Partem, Amicus Curae.

OVERALL DIFFICULTY LEVEL OF THE SECTION: EASY

    1. General Knowledge : Number of questions: 50

The GK section had questions majorly on Current Affairs.

Some of the questions are:

      • *Which amendment to the Indian Constitution relates to the National Judicial Appointment Commission?
      • *Who was declared as the Femina Miss India for the year 2015?
      • *Which is the first state to declare compulsory gender education?
      • *Which state has set up educational qualifications for Municipal Polls?
      • *Who is the first female gymnast to get selected for Olympics?
      • *Who has scored the fastest century in Test Cricket?
      • *Where was the treaty related to Climate Change signed?
      • *Who is the chairman of Niti Aayog?
      • *Who is the chairman of National Human Rights Commission?
      • *Which state is the first Organic State in India?
      • *What is the legal age to marry for boys and girls in India?
      • *Out of the proposed 92 cities, how many have been shortlisted for the implementation of the Smart Cities project?
      • *What is the Setu Bharatam project related to?

OVERALL DIFFICULTY LEVEL OF THE SECTION: MODERATE

    1. Logical Reasoning : Total number of questions: 40

The Logical Reasoning section saw questions from the usual areas as below

  1. Distribution
  2. Critical Reasoning
  3. Coding-Decoding
  4. Series and Sequence
  5. Cause and Action
  6. Relations (Ex: If Ocean: Desert, then choose the correct answer from among the options)
  7. Blood Relations

Students with decent preparation level can solve this section without much of a trouble.

OVERALL DIFFICULTY LEVEL OF THE SECTION: MODERATE

    1. Maths : Total number of questions: 20

The Mathematics section was a pleasant surprise as there were no surprises like last year, where the difficulty level was pushed slightly up from the regular level that is expected in CLAT. The questions were from the usual topics and were very solvable even by a student with moderate preparation.

OVERALL DIFFICULTY LEVEL OF THE SECTION: EASY

Cut offs:

      • Expected Cut-Off for Tier-1 Law Schools – 145-150
      • Expected Cut-Off for Tier-2 Law Schools – 130-140
      • Expected Cut-Off for Tier-3 Law Schools – 125 and above.

Number of good attempts per section:

English– 32-35, Legal– 38-42, GK– 35-38, Logical– 30-35, Maths– 10-12

CLAT – 2017, CLAT stands for Common Law Admissions Test. It is an all India entrance examination conducted by the National Law Schools/Universities for admissions to their under-graduate and post graduate degree programmes (LL.B & LL.M). The responsibility of conducting the exam is rotated and given on the basis of seniority in establishment.

Chanakya National Law University, Patna conducted CLAT 2017 on 14th May across the country. Many students heaved a sigh of relief with the paper being on expected lines without any major surprises thrown at them. However, the overall difficulty level was slightly higher than last year, owing to slightly tougher QA, GK and Legal sections. The cutoffs are therefore expected to come down from last year’s figures.

Test Pattern

Total Marks 200
Total number of multiple-choice questions of one mark each 200
Duration of examination Two Hours
Subject areas with weightage:
English including Comprehension 40 Marks
General Knowledge/ Current Affairs 50 Marks
Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability) 20 Marks
Legal Aptitude 50 Marks
Logical Reasoning 40 Marks

Let us look at each of the areas in detail

English including Comprehension

Level : Easy

No. of recommended attempts : 30+

The questions were broadly from the following topics:

Reading Comprehension (5 Qs), Sentence correction (10 Qs), Fill in the blanks (10 Qs), Spellings (10 Qs), Rearranging the sentences (5 Qs)

General Knowledge/Current Affairs

Level : Difficult

No. of recommended attempts : 30+

The broad break up of the questions was as follows. Most of the questions were from the current affairs with questions from the areas like Polity, General Science, Geography, Economics, etc were also there.

Elementary Mathematics(Numerical Ability)

Level : Easy and do-able questions but were a little lengthy

No. of recommended attempts : 14+

The questions were mainly from the topics in Arithmetic viz., Percentages, Profit & Loss, Averages, Time & Work, Time & Distance, etc.

Legal Reasoning

Level : Moderate

No. of recommended attempts : 40+

Legal Reasoning section did not throw any surprises this year. There were no Legal GK questions. However, the test was heavy on Principle-Fact based questions (35 Qs) with the remaining ones based on legal maxims (15 Qs)

Logical Reasoning

Level :Moderate- Easy

No. of recommended attempts : 32+

The questions were broadly from the following topics:

There were two sets on Puzzles with a total of 10 questions. There were also questions on Blood relationship (5 Qs), Syllogisms (5 Qs), Analogies (4 Qs), etcOverall Analysis

With the paper being similar to last year’s on difficulty level, the cut-offs are expected to be similar or climb up slightly. The cut-offs for the Top 3 schools is expected to cross 145.

CLAT – 2018, CLAT stands for Common Law Admissions Test. It is an all India entrance examination conducted by the National Law Schools/Universities for admissions to their under-graduate and post graduate degree programmes (LL.B & LL.M). The responsibility of conducting the exam is rotated and given on the basis of seniority in establishment.

The National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi conducted CLAT 2018 on 13th May across the country. Many students heaved a sigh of relief with the paper being on expected lines without any major surprises thrown at them. The overall difficulty level was a tad higher to that of last year. Moreover, the exam touched a new low in terms of technical glitches. For many students, the test was halted due to issues with their systems, however the timer was still running.

Given below is the pattern and the section wise break up of the paper.

Test Pattern
Total Marks 200
Total number of questions 200 (MCQs)
Duration of examination Two Hours
Marking Scheme Each correct answer: 1 mark,
Each wrong answer: -0.25,
No deduction in marks for unattempted questions
Subject areas with weightage
English including Comprehension (Q. No. 1 to 40) 40 Marks
General Knowledge/ Current Affairs (Q. No. 41 to 90) 50 Marks
Logical Reasoning (Q. No. 91 to 130) 40 Marks
Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability) (Q. No. 131 to 150) 20 Marks
Legal Aptitude (Q. No. 151 to 200) 50 Marks

Let us look at each of the areas in detail

English including Comprehension

  • Level : Easy-Moderate
  • No. of recommended attempts : 32+

Let us have a brief topic-wise distribution of the questions

Topic No of Questions
Reading Comprehension 10
Sentence correction 5
Fill in the blank 10
Vocab based questions 10
Critical Reasoning 2
Para Summary 3

General Knowledge/Current Affairs

  • Level : Moderate-Difficult
  • No. of recommended attempts : 35+

Most of the questions were from the current affairs (National/International) with questions from the areas like Science & Technology, Books/Authors, Polity, History, Sports, Awards, Economy and Government Policies, Economics, etc were also there. The questions though majorly from the current affairs, however had a fairly good representation from the static GK as well.

Logical Reasoning

  • Level : Moderate
  • No. of recommended attempts : 29+

The questions were broadly from the topics like Syllogisms, Critical Reasoning, Puzzles, Arrangement, Blood Relationship, Direction sense, Coding-decoding, Number Series, Letter Series, Alpha-numeric Series, Distribution, Ranking, Comparison, Clock, Odd-one out, etc.

Elementary Mathematics(Numerical Ability)

  • Level : Difficult and lengthy
  • No. of recommended attempts : 8+

The questions were mainly from the topics like BODMAS,Percentages, Ratio & Proportion, Averages, Time & Work, Time & Distance, Algebra, Numbers, Geometry, Pure Maths, etc.

Legal Reasoning

  • Level : Moderate
  • No. of recommended attempts : 40+

Like last year, Legal Reasoning section did not throw any surprises this year too. The question paper predominantely had Legal Reasoning questions, with about ten questions onLegal GK also. The test was heavy on Principle-Fact based questions with a few from Assertion-Reasoning, and Statement-Assumption type questions.

The questions were from the topics like Torts, Contracts, Criminal Law, Constitution, etc.

Overall Analysis

With the exam being a little difficult than the last year’s and also coupled with technical glitches, the cut-offs are expected to go southwards. The cut-off for the Top 3 schools is expected to be about 130+.

ALL THE BEST!!!

CLAT INDIA TEAM